Part two of a multi-part series about my experience switching to the Debian edition of Linux Mint. Part one, installation, is here.
[The 64-bit versions of LMDE, both Gnome and Xfce, seem to have a minor bug in the release candidates. If you don’t use Gparted from the live DVD to create a partition table before actually starting to install the system, the partitioning hangs during the installation.]
Like Debian itself, the Debian editions of Linux Mint do not automatically take care of creating file systems and partitioning the hard drive that you install the operating system onto. Luckily, partitioning is not hard at all, and I will take you through the steps. This doesn’t go into the details of creating several partitions for /, swap, /home, etc. There are other guides out there that do an excellent job discussing how to use GParted to accomplish that.
If you already have Linux on your hard drive, the partitioning program (GParted) will look very much like this:
If your hard drive is blank, you will instead see:
In this situation – and if you are installing Linux Mint Debian in a 64-bit version you will need to do this next step from the live disk before installation – you will create a partition:
Then Apply (The MSDOS is the only choice you have and it won’t be on long at all).
The next screen should look like this:
The ext2 file system (default choice) is actually 18 years old at this point, and my own preference is to use ext4. There are a few other possibilities, if you know that you want a specific file system that suits you better:
Then Apply as you did before:
You will see this upon completion, if all went well:
Close the top window and you are nearly done. The final step is to assign the new partition to the root, which is done by right-clicking the line shown and selecting “/” as shown:
I’ve rarely taken the time to carve the hard drive up into the right partitions for swap, /home, etc. before I install an operating system on it, and so far that has worked out okay for me. Most guides that I have read do not suggest that you be quite this lazy, and recommend making the partitions before continuing the installation. One main advantage to that is, it is definitely easier to backup your /home partition, or to install a new system while still keeping all your /home information intact.